Tag Archives: CDC

Public Health Approach to Reducing TBI – Update from CDC

Ongoing efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the population impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are documented in the May/June issue of The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, official journal of the Brain Injury Association of America. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

“This special issue draws attention to the need for strategies to prevent TBI and to lessen the substantial physical, psychological, economic, and social effects among people who experience it,” write co-editors Jeneita M. Bell, MD, MPH and Christopher A. Taylor, PhD of CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. CDC is tasked with working to reduce the incidence of TBI by the federal Traumatic Brain Injury Act, passed by Congress in 1996 and renewed multiple times since.

New Research toward Reducing the Burden of TBI CDC’s strategic plan for TBI aims to achieve the greatest possible reductions in deaths and negative health effects of all TBIs, including concussions. The four pillars of CDC’s strategic plan for TBI are:

(1) improving the understanding of the public health burden of TBI, (2) reducing the incidence of TBI through primary prevention, (3) improving recognition and management of mild TBI (i.e., concussion), and (4) promoting healthy lifestyles and improving health outcomes for people living with TBI.

The special issue highlights new research focusing on this public health approach to TBI. Topics include:

  • A new data source (the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project [HCUP]) that improves TBI monitoring nationwide. The large size of the HCUP databases will aid in understanding TBI’s impact in population subgroups.
  • The problem of unemployment after TBI. New data show that 60 percent of patients who received inpatient rehabilitation for TBI are still unemployed two years after discharge.
  • Motorcycle crashes as a cause of TBI. People injured in motorcycle crashes use more healthcare resources and are three times more likely to die in the emergency department, compared to those with other causes of TBI.
  • The high impact of sports — and recreation-related TBIs. About seven percent of all emergency department visits for sports — and recreation-related injuries are TBIs, with at least 3.4 million sports — and recreation-related TBI emergency department visits occurring over a 12-year study period.
  • The effectiveness of CDC’s HEADS UP new online course. This course — part of CDC’s HEADS UP educational campaign — aims to improve recognition and management of concussion in sports. Results suggest that the course increases concussion-related knowledge among coaches and others involved a wide range of sports.

CDC has partnered with the traumatic brain injury and rehabilitation communities in order to implement a broader public health approach to TBI — especially in mitigating the severity of TBI and reducing its impact on quality of life. “JHTR is pleased to again provide a forum for the dissemination of scholarly works from our colleagues at CDC,” comments John D. Corrigan, PhD, ABPP, Editor-in-Chief of The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. “The Editors applaud their emphasis on translating what we know about TBI into measures to decrease the burden of injury on individuals, families, and society.”

Click here to read the special issue.

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Public Health Approach to Reducing TBI, an Update from CDC

Ongoing efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the population impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are documented in the May/June issue of The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, official journal of the Brain Injury Association of America. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

“This special issue draws attention to the need for strategies to prevent TBI and to lessen the substantial physical, psychological, economic, and social effects among people who experience it,” write co-editors Jeneita M. Bell, MD, MPH and Christopher A. Taylor, PhD ofCDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. CDC is tasked with working to reduce the incidence of TBI by the federal Traumatic Brain Injury Act, passed by Congress in 1996 and renewed multiple times since.

New Research toward Reducing the Burden of TBI CDC’s strategic plan for TBI aims to achieve the greatest possible reductions in deaths and negative health effects of all TBIs, including concussions. The four pillars of CDC’s strategic plan for TBI are:

(1) improving the understanding of the public health burden of TBI, (2) reducing the incidence of TBI through primary prevention, (3) improving recognition and management of mild TBI (i.e., concussion), and (4) promoting healthy lifestyles and improving health outcomes for people living with TBI.

The special issue highlights new research focusing on this public health approach to TBI. Topics include:

  • A new data source (the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project [HCUP]) that improves TBI monitoring nationwide. The large size of the HCUP databases will aid in understanding TBI’s impact in population subgroups.
  • The problem of unemployment after TBI. New data show that 60 percent of patients who received inpatient rehabilitation for TBI are still unemployed two years after discharge.
  • Motorcycle crashes as a cause of TBI. People injured in motorcycle crashes use more healthcare resources and are three times more likely to die in the emergency department, compared to those with other causes of TBI.
  • The high impact of sports — and recreation-related TBIs. About seven percent of all emergency department visits for sports — and recreation-related injuries are TBIs, with at least 3.4 million sports — and recreation-related TBI emergency department visits occurring over a 12-year study period.
  • The effectiveness of CDC’s HEADS UP new online course. This course — part of CDC’sHEADS UP educational campaign — aims to improve recognition and management of concussion in sports. Results suggest that the course increases concussion-related knowledge among coaches and others involved a wide range of sports.
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A Q&A With Dr. Julie Gilchrist of CDC Injury Center

Dr. Julie Gilchrist works at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Injury Center. Below she answers a few questions on the CDC’s Heads Up campaign and how the CDC is working to help keep young athletes safe from concussion and other serious brain injuries.

How are the CDC and NFL working together on addressing concussion among young athletes?

Over the last 6 years, CDC and the NFL have worked together to help get concussion educational materials into the hands of coaches, parents, kids and teens, and school and health care professionals nationwide. Two examples of this work include:

  • CDC worked with the NFL, NFLPA and 16 sports governing bodies to develop the “Concussion:  A Must Read for Young Athletes” fact sheet and poster for young athletes. To date, more than 1 million copies of these materials have been distributed.
  • Through a grant from the NFL to the CDC Foundation, CDC launched the “Heads Up to Clinicians” online training for health care professionals, created to help improve concussion diagnosis and management for young athletes.

What is the CDC’s Heads Up campaign?

Heads Up is a group of educational initiatives, developed by the CDC, which share a common goal: to help protect children and teens from concussions and other serious brain injuries both on and off the sports field. This year marks the 10th anniversary of CDC’s Heads Up.

What materials are available from CDC’s Heads Up campaign?

We tailor our materials based on our audience. We offer information for:

  • Coaches: Online training for high school and youth sports coaches on concussion, as well as fact sheets and posters coaches can download for their team. The online training is used by states, schools, and sports organizations, including USA Football and the National PTA, to help spread concussion information out throughout the country.
  • Parents: CDC Foundation’s “Heads Up to Parents” website and app that includes concussion and helmet safety information: www.cdcfoundation.org/HeadsUp.
  • School Professionals: Fact sheets, posters, and other tools school professionals can use, including information on helping students return to school after a concussion.
  • Health Care Professionals: Latest information on concussion diagnosis and management to help kids and teens recover quickly and fully.

All of CDC’s Heads Up materials are free and can be found online at www.cdc.gov/Concussion.

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